【Grammar-vol.71】Potential form in Japanese/part.1

こんにちは!
ユーキです!!o(`ω´ )o

Let’s study Japanese!!o(`ω´ )o
Today is about how to say “be able to ~ ” in Japanese!!

Today's Topic
How to say “be able to ~/can ~ ” in Japanese.

●iru-verb 

English basic form potential form1 potential form2
cut 切る
(k-iru)
切れる
(k-ireru)
切られる
(k-irareru)
enter 入る
(ha-iru)
入れる
(ha-ireru)
入られる
(ha-irareru)
wake up 起きる
(ok-iru)
起きれる
(ok-ireru)
起きられる
(ok-irareru)
look 見る
(m-iru)
見れる
(m-ireru)
見られる
(m-irareru)
borrow/rent 借りる
(kar-iru)
借りれる
(kar-ireru)
借りられる
(kar-irareru)


Example.1

DVDは1本100円で借りられる!o(`ω´ )o
You can rent a DVD by 100yen.

借りれる is also ok!
I think 借りれる is easier to say! But up to you♪

Example.2
僕は寝るのが遅いので、朝早く起きれない。( ;∀;)
I sleep late at night so I cannot wake up early.

*遅い(おそい):late
This is negative form!
*起きれる→起きれない

Okay!!
I think there are not that many “iru-verb” which we often use in daily life so let’s remember them as soon as possible and be master of “iru-verb potential form” xD haha

Now, it’s time for quiz!!
頑張って!!☆*:.。. o(≧▽≦)o .。.:*☆

【Grammar-vol.71】Potential form in Japanese/part.1 いる動詞